化学所分子识别与功能实验室

Cation-Triggered Switchable Asymmetric Catalysis with Chiral Aza-CrownPhos

Date:2017-09-18 Enlarge Narrow

Guang-Hui Ouyang, Yan-Mei He, Yong Li, Jun-Feng Xiang, and Qing-Hua Fan*

An aza-crown ether, modified phosphoramidite ligand, has been designed and synthesized. The ON/OFF reversible switch of catalytic activity for its rhodium catalyst was thoroughly investigated in the asymmetric hydrogenation of dehydroamino acid esters modulated by host–guest interactions. In the OFF state, the catalyst is almost inactive (less than 1 % conversion) because of the formation of an intermolecular sandwich complex by two aza-crown ether moities and the cationic rhodium metal center. In using alkali-metal-cations as the trigger, the catalytic activity was turned ON and consequently resulted in full conversions and excellent enantioselectivities (up to 98 % ee).

This work has been published in Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 2015, 54, 4334–4337.